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Is job-related stress the link between cardiovascular disease and the law enforcement profession?

Authors
Franke-WD; Kohut-ML; Russell-DW; Yoo-HL; Ekkekakis-P; Ramey-SP
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2010 May; 52(5):561-565
NIOSHTIC No.
20037329
Abstract
Objective: To determine whether job-related stress is associated with alterations in pro- and anti-atherogenic inflammatory mediators among law enforcement officers. Methods: Markers of vascular inflammation and the self-reported stress measures of perceived stress, vital exhaustion, job strain, effort-reward imbalance, and social support were compared between officers (N = 444) and non-officers (N = 166). Results: Officers had higher levels of IL-1[beta], IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-[alpha] and lower levels of C-reactive protein and fibrinogen. No more than 4% of the variability in any of the inflammatory mediators was explained by any stress measure for either the two groups or the entire sample. Conclusions: Law enforcement officers may be at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease due to a relatively greater pro-inflammatory vascular environment. However, this increased risk cannot be attributed to either chronic stress or the work-related stress measures assessed here.
Keywords
Job-stress; Biological-function; Law-enforcement-workers; Cardiovascular-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Biomarkers; Psychological-effects; Psychological-stress; Psychological-responses; Chronic-inflammation
Contact
Warren D. Franke, PhD, 247 Forker Building, Ames, IA 50011
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20100501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
wfranke@iastate.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R21-OH-008270
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
IA
Performing Organization
Iowa State University
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