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Acute pesticide poisoning: a proposed classification tool.

Authors
Thundiyil-JG; Stober-J; Besbelli-N; Pronczuk-J
Source
Bull World Health Organ 2008 Mar; 86(3):205-209
NIOSHTIC No.
20037313
Abstract
Cases of acute pesticide poisoning (APP) account for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Developing countries are particularly susceptible due to poorer regulation, lack of surveillance systems, less enforcement, lack of training and inadequate access to information systems. Previous research has demonstrated wide variability in incidence rates for APP. This is possibly due to inconsistent reporting methodology and exclusion of occupational and non-intentional poisonings. The purpose of this document is to create a standard case definition to facilitate the identification and diagnosis of all causes of APP, especially at the field level, rural clinics and primary health-care systems. This document is a synthesis of existing literature and case definitions that have been previously proposed by other authors around the world. It provides a standardized case definition and classification scheme for APP into categories of probable, possible and unlikely/unknown cases. Its use is intended to be applicable worldwide to contribute to identification of the scope of existing problems and thus promote action for improved management and prevention. By enabling a field diagnosis for APP, this standardized case definition may facilitate immediate medical management of pesticide poisoning and aid in estimating its incidence.
CODEN
BWHOA6
Publication Date
20080301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
joseft@mindspring.com
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008429
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0042-9686
Source Name
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
State
CA; NJ
Performing Organization
University of California, Berkeley
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