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Factorial invariance, scale reliability, and construct validity of the job control and job demands scales for immigrant workers: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis.

Authors
Fujishiro-K; Landsbergis-PA; Diez-Roux-AV; Stukovsky-KH; Shrager-S; Baron-S
Source
J Immigr Minor Health 2011 Jun; 13(3):533-540
NIOSHTIC No.
20037059
Abstract
Immigrants have a different social context from those who stay in their home country or those who were born to the country that immigrants now live. Cultural theory of risk perception suggests that social context influences one's interpretation of questionnaire items. We examined psychometric properties of job control and job demand scales with US- and foreign-born workers who preferred English, Spanish, or Chinese (n = 3,114, mean age = 58.1). Across all groups, the job control scale had acceptable Cronbach's alpha (0.78-0.83) and equivalent factor loadings (delta CFI < 0.01). Immigrants had low alpha (0.42-0.65) for the job demands scale regardless of language, education, or age of migration. Two job-demand items had different factor loadings across groups. Among immigrants, both scales had inconsistent associations with perceived job stress and self-rated health. For a better understanding of immigrants' job stress, the concept of job demands should be expanded and immigrants' expectations for job control explored.
Keywords
Questionnaires; Demographic-characteristics; Job-stress; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Cardiovascular-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Author Keywords: Job stress; Factor analysis; Internal consistency; Acculturation; Health disparities
Contact
K. Fujishiro, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Pkwy (R-15), Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
CODEN
JIHEF5
Publication Date
20110601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kfujishiro@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1557-1912
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Healthcare and Social Assistance
Source Name
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
State
OH; NY; MI; WA
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