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Estimation of the biodynamic responses distributed at fingers and palm based on the total response of the hand-arm system.

Authors
Dong-RG; Rakheja-S; McDowell-TW; Welcome-DE; Wu-JZ
Source
Int J Ind Ergon 2010 Jul; 40(4):425-436
NIOSHTIC No.
20036857
Abstract
The major objective of this study is to develop a modeling method for estimating the biodynamic responses distributed at the fingers and the palm of the hand based on the total driving-point mechanical impedance of the entire hand-arm system. A five degrees-of-freedom (DOF) model with a set of constraints proposed in this study was used in the estimation. Three sets of mechanical impedance data measured at the fingers and palm of the hand were used to examine the validity of the proposed method. The estimated response distributed at the palm was consistent with the measured data even when the real part of the impedance alone was used in the modeling (coefficient of correlation, r2 = 0.902). Better agreements between the estimated and measured responses were obtained (r2 = 0.929) when the magnitude and phase of the total impedance or the magnitude alone were used in the modeling estimation. In each case, the estimated response distributed at the fingers was also reliably correlated with the experimental data (r2 = 0.726) but it was not as consistent with the experimental data as that distributed at the palm. The applications of the proposed method were also demonstrated using five other sets of reported experimental data. This study also demonstrated that the modeling method may also be used to assess the quality of the experimental data in some cases. As a special application of the acceptable data identified in this study, this study also defined a 2-DOF model for the construction of a hand-arm simulator for tool tests. The results of this study and the proposed modeling method are expected to contribute to the revision of ISO 10068 (1998).
Keywords
Models; Biodynamics; Biomechanical-modeling; Biomechanics; Analytical-processes; Analytical-models; Hand-tools; Vibration; Vibration-monitors; Author Keywords: Modeling of hand-arm system; Hand-transmitted vibration; Hand; Mechanical impedance; Biodynamic response
Contact
Ren G. Dong, Engineering & Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS L-2027, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Publication Date
20100701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
rkd6@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0169-8141
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Construction
Source Name
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
State
WV
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