Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Mortality from malignant diseases-update of the Baltimore union poultry cohort.

Authors
Johnson-ES; Zhou-Y; Yau-CL; Prabhakar-D; Ndetan-H; Singh-K; Preacely-N
Source
Cancer Causes Control 2010 Feb; 21(2):215-221
NIOSHTIC No.
20036752
Abstract
We previously studied mortality up to 1989 in 2,639 members of a local union who had ever worked in poultry slaughtering and processing plants, because they were exposed to oncogenic viruses present in poultry. In this report, cancer mortality was updated to the year 2003 for 2,580 of the 2,639 subjects who worked exclusively in poultry plants. Mortality in poultry workers was compared with that in the US general population through the estimation of proportional mortality and standardized mortality ratios separately for each race/sex group and for the whole cohort. Compared to the US general population, an excess of cancers of the buccal and nasal cavities and pharynx (base of the tongue, palate and other unspecified mouth, tonsil and oropharynx, nasal cavity/middle ear/accessory sinus), esophagus, recto-sigmoid/rectum/anus, liver and intrabiliary system, myelofibrosis, lymphoid leukemia and multiple myeloma was observed in particular subgroups or in the entire poultry cohort. We hypothesize that oncogenic viruses present in poultry, and exposure to fumes, are candidates for an etiologic role to explain the excess occurrence of at least some of these cancers in the poultry workers. Larger studies which can control for confounding factors are urgently needed to determine the significance of these findings.
Keywords
Cancer; Disease-incidence; Disease-transmission; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Meat-handlers; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Oncogenic-agents; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Worker-health
Contact
Eric S. Johnson, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Blvd., Fort Worth, TX 76107
CODEN
CCCNEN
Publication Date
20100201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ejohnson@hsc.unt.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008071
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0957-5243
Source Name
Cancer Causes and Control
State
TX; MD
Performing Organization
University of North Texas
TOP