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Subjective response to respirator type: effect of disease status and gender.

Authors
Harber-P; Santiago-S; Wu-S; Bansal-S; Liu-Y; Yun-D
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2010 Feb; 52(2):150-154
NIOSHTIC No.
20036749
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of respirator type and user characteristics (eg, health status) on the subjective response to respirator use. METHODS: The subjective responses for multiple domains were evaluated in 104 volunteers performing work tasks in a simulated work environment. Each used a dual cartridge half face mask and a filtering facepiece (N95) respirator. The study population was recruited to include four groups (normal respiratory status, mild asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or chronic rhinitis). Mixed model regression analyses determined the effects of respirator type, disease, gender, and age. RESULTS: Half face mask produced more adverse subjective response than the N95 for most scales. There were significant interactions such that disease status modified the effect of respirator type. In general, women reported greater adverse ratings than did men. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of respirator type depends on disease status. Respirator design evaluation panels should include persons with mild respiratory disease.
Keywords
Biological-factors; Inhalation-studies; Mathematical-models; Personal-protective-equipment; Physiological-factors; Physiological-measurements; Physiological-testing; Protective-equipment; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respirators; Respiratory-equipment; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-protection; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Respiratory-system-disorders; Statistical-analysis; Work-environment; Worker-health; Worker-motivation; Work-performance; Workplace-studies
Contact
Philip Harber, MD, MPH, UCLA Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 10880 Wilshire, #1800, Los Angeles, CA 90024
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20100201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
pharber@mednet.ucla.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008119
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California, Los Angeles
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