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Secondhand smoke exposure and depressive symptoms.

Authors
Bandiera-FC; Arheart-KL; Caban-Martinez-AJ; Fleming-LE; McCollister-K; Dietz-NA; LeBlanc-WG; Davila-EP; Lewis-JE; Serdar-B; Lee-DJ
Source
Psychosom Med 2010 Jan; 72(1):68-72
NIOSHTIC No.
20036546
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and depression. Tobacco smoking and depression are strongly associated, but the possible effects of SHS have not been evaluated. METHODS: The 2005 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a cross-sectional sample of the noninstitutionalized civilian U.S. population. SHS exposure was measured in adults aged > or = 20 years by serum cotinine and depressive symptoms by the Patient Health Questionnaire. Zero-inflated Poisson regression analyses were completed with adjustment for survey design and potential confounders. RESULTS: Serum cotinine-documented SHS exposure was positively associated with depressive symptoms in never-smokers, even after adjustment for age, race/ethnicity, gender, education, alcohol consumption, and medical comorbidities. The association between SHS exposure and depressive symptoms did not vary by gender, nor was there any association between SHS smoke exposure and depressive symptoms in former smokers. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the present study suggest that SHS exposure is positively associated with depressive symptoms in never-smokers and highlight the need for further research to establish the mechanisms of association.
Keywords
Chronic-exposure; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Health-hazards; Psychological-effects; Psychological-responses; Statistical-analysis; Tobacco-smoke; Author Keywords: secondhand smoke; depressive symptoms; tobacco policy; mental health policy
Contact
David J. Lee, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, P.O. Box 016069 (D-4-11) Miami, FL 33101
CODEN
PSMEAP
Publication Date
20100101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dlee@med.miami.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003915
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0033-3174
Source Name
Psychosomatic Medicine
State
FL
Performing Organization
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
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