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Natan ‘Nikolai' Abramovich Vigdorchik (1874-1954): social activism and public health in early 20th-century Russia.

Authors
Sharp-DS; Tauger-MB
Source
J Med Biogr 2009 May; 17(2):75-80
NIOSHTIC No.
20036441
Abstract
Virtually unknown in the West, the physician Nikolai Vigdorchik is recognized in Russian-Soviet history for his role in introducing social security into Russia. He rose from Jewish working-class origins to a career that combined activism in labour rights and public health with extensive and path-breaking publications in social security, occupational safety and public health. He contributed more than 30 years of leadership to Soviet research and educational institutions devoted to occupational safety and health. Vigdorchik's 1935 publication on lead and hypertension is illustrative of his contribution to modern epidemiological methods, describing a statistical bias in the study of hospitalized patients. It predates by 11 years Joseph Berkson's paper, after whom the bias is named. Vigdorchik's life illustrates a modern-day conundrum: social activism comes with political cost - by virtue of its evidence-based orientation, public health science is safer but both are necessary to move a culture towards health and stability.
Keywords
Public-health; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis
Contact
Dan S Sharp, MD PhD, Associate Director for Science, Health Effects Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS-4020, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Publication Date
20090501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
DSharp@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0967-7720
NIOSH Division
HELD
Source Name
Journal of Medical Biography
State
WV
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