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Characteristics of teens with and without work permits.

Authors
Dal Santo-JA; Bowling-JM
Source
Am J Ind Med 2009 Nov; 52(11):841-849
NIOSHTIC No.
20036426
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with the issuance of mandated work permits for teens, and their enforcement are currently unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 1945 teens at 16 randomly selected North Carolina high schools. Predictor variables examined included teens' socio-demographic characteristics, employment patterns, and labor law knowledge. RESULTS: One thousand and ninety-four non-working and 844 working teens participated. Seventy-seven percent of working teens worked during the school year and 39% started working younger than 16. The majority (80%) worked in retail and services. Forty-four percent worked without work permits. Factors associated with being less likely to be issued a work permit included white race, employment in a family-owned business, being a laborer, and limited or no knowledge of child labor laws. CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to and enforcement of the work permit system is low. Interventions should specifically target teens who work in family owned businesses, in unskilled labor and in hazardous industries.
Keywords
Age-factors; Age-groups; Children; Demographic-characteristics; Occupational-hazards; Racial-factors; Statistical-analysis; Work-organization; Work-practices; Author Keywords: work permits; young workers; safety interventions; family businesses; child labor laws
Contact
Janet Abboud Dal Santo, Transdisciplinary Prevention Research Center, Duke University, Box #90420, Durham, NC 27708-0420
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20091101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
janet.dalsanto@duke.edu
Funding Amount
677285
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003530
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0271-3586
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
NC
Performing Organization
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
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