Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Chemical-related injuries and illnesses in U.S. mining.

Authors
Scott-DF; Merritt-EM; Miller-AL; Drake-PL
Source
2009 SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit, February 22-25, Denver, Colorado, Preprint 09-031. Littleton, CO: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2009 Feb; :1-5
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20036421
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine if miners were at risk from exposures to chemicals used in the mining industry and determine the nature and sources of the illnesses and injuries. The U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration's (MSHA) employment and accident, injury and illness database was reviewed. There were 2,705 cases of chemical-related injuries and illnesses reported from 1999 through 2006, involving 66 different chemicals. The main source (cause) of chemical-related cases was acids/alkalis (about 39%). The primary nature (effect) of chemical-related cases was chemical burns (about 57%). The job classification where workers incurred the most chemical-related injuries and illnesses was cleaning plant operator/media operator/boney preparation plant operator/crusher worker (cleaning plant operators are responsible for maintenance of plants, media operators are responsible for handling reagents, boney preparation plant operators oversee removal of "bone" from coal, and crusher workers use large crushers to break mined material). From 1999 through 2006, the rate of "nonfatal days lost" and "no days lost" (resulting from injuries) did not change significantly; however, the rate of illnesses decreased significantly. Chemical burns accounted for a large number of injuries; mining companies should carefully examine their personal protective equipment (PPE) requirements, training methods and safety culture to ensure that their workers are protected.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Statistical-analysis; Injuries; Accident-rates; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Acids; Alkalies; Chemical-burns; Mine-workers; Mineral-processing; Coal-processing
Publication Date
20090222
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
SRL
Priority Area
Mining
Source Name
2009 SME Annual Meeting and Exhibit, February 22-25, Denver, Colorado, Preprint 09-031
State
WA
TOP