Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Adult blood lead epidemiology and surveillance.

Authors
Chowdhury-NH; Fowler-C; Mycroft-FJ; Jung-BC; Lehnherr-M; Gergely-R; Keyvan-Larijani-E; Rabin-R; Carr-A; Solet-D; Gerwel-B; Stone-R; Randolph-S; Rhoades-E; Barnett-M; Gostin-J; Marino-R; Perrotta-D; Beaudoin-D; Toof-L; Kaufman-J; Higgins-D
Source
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 1994 Nov; 272(20):1571-1572
NIOSHTIC No.
20036390
Abstract
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance program (ABLES) monitors elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) in adults in the United States. Blood lead data from laboratory reports are transmitted to state-based lead surveillance programs and are compiled by NIOSH for quarterly reporting. The cumulative number of BLL reports for the first and second quarters of 1994 increased 29% over those of the same period for 1993. This finding is consistent with a previous ABLES report describing the increasing number of reports of elevated BLL cases among U.S. workers during 1992-1993. Reports of elevated BLLs represent new, ongoing, or recurrent exposures and illustrate the extent and ongoing nature of elevated BLLs in workers in lead-using industries. Factors that help explain the increase in reports include increased testing of workers in construction trades, improved case ascertainment by state-based surveillance programs, and increased numbers of participating states. Finally, during this quarter, the number of persons reported apparently exceeded the number of reports in one reporting category (25-39 microg/dL) because one large industrialized state reports only numbers of persons on a quarterly basis and compiles overall numbers of reports only annually.
Keywords
Blood-samples; Blood-tests; Surveillance-programs; Epidemiology; Analytical-processes; Lead-absorption; Lead-compounds; Lead-poisoning; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Work-environment; Worker-health; Medical-examinations
CODEN
JAMAAP
CAS No.
7439-92-1
Publication Date
19941123
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1995
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
20
ISSN
0098-7484
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Journal of the American Medical Association
State
AL; AZ; CA; CT; IL; IA; MD; MA; MI; NH; NJ; OH
TOP