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Bloodborne pathogen risk reduction activities in the body piercing and tattooing industry.

Authors
Lehman-EJ; Huy-J; Levy-E; Viet-SM; Mobley-A; McCleery-TZ
Source
Am J Infect Control 2010 Mar; 38(2):130-138
NIOSHTIC No.
20036334
Abstract
Background: This study examines how well regulations for bloodborne pathogens (BBPs), established primarily to reduce exposure risk for health care workers, are being followed by workers and employers in the tattooing and body piercing industry. Method: Twelve shops performing tattooing and/or body piercing (body art) in Pennsylvania and Texas were assessed for compliance with 5 administrative and 10 infection control standards for reducing exposure to BBPs. Results: All shops demonstrated compliance with infection control standards, but not with administrative standards, such as maintaining an exposure control plan, offering hepatitis B vaccine, and training staff. Shops staffed with members of professional body art organizations demonstrated higher compliance with the administrative standards. Shops in locations where the body art industry was regulated and shops in nonregulated locations demonstrated similar compliance, as did contractor- and employee-staffed shops. Conclusions: Regulations to control occupational exposure to BBPs have been in place since 1991. This study corroborates noncompliance with some standards within the body art industry reported by previous studies. Without notable enforcement, regulation at national, state, or local levels does not affect compliance. In this study, the factor most closely associated with compliance with administrative regulations was the artist's membership in a professional body art association.
Keywords
Infection-control; Infectious-diseases; Bloodborne-pathogens; Disease-prevention; Disease-control; Author Keywords: Bloodborne pathogens; OSHA standards; infection control; body art; tattoo; body piercing
Contact
Everett Lehman, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, Industrywide Studies Branch, 4676 Columbia Parkway, R-13, Cincinnati, OH
CODEN
AJICDC
Publication Date
20100301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Elehman@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0196-6553
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; R2P
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
American Journal of Infection Control
State
OH; MD
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