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The impact of U.S. policies to protect healthcare workers from bloodborne pathogens: The critical role of safety-engineered devices.

Authors
Jagger-J; Perry-J; Gomaa-A; Kornblatt Phillips-E
Source
J Infect Publ Health 2008 Oct; 1(2):62-71
NIOSHTIC No.
20036318
Abstract
In the United States (U.S.), federal legislation requiring the use of safety-engineered sharp devices, along with an array of other protective measures, has played a critical role in reducing healthcare workers' (HCWs) risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens over the last 20 years. We present the history of U.S. regulatory and legislative actions regarding occupational blood exposures, and review evidence of the impact of these actions. In one large network of U.S. hospitals using the Exposure Prevention Information Network (EPINet) sharps injury surveillance program, overall injury rates for hollow-bore needles declined by 34%, with a 51% decline for nurses. The U.S. experience demonstrates the effectiveness of safety-engineered devices in reducing sharps injuries, and the importance of national-level regulations (accompanied by active enforcement) in ensuring wide-scale availability and implementation of protective devices to decrease healthcare worker risk.
Keywords
Needlestick-injuries; Health-care-facilities; Health-care-personnel; Engineering-controls; Control-technology; Bloodborne-pathogens; Author Keywords: Needlestick injuries/sharps injuries; Occupational exposures; Safety-engineered sharp devices; Bloodborne pathogens regulations; Healthcare worker safety; Legislation; Standards
Contact
Jane Perry, International Healthcare Worker Safety Center, University of Virginia Health System, P.O. Box 800764, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
Publication Date
20081001
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1876-0341
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Journal of Infection and Public Health
State
OH; VA
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