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A health hazard evaluation of antimony exposure in fire fighters.

Authors
de Perio-MA; Durgam-S; Caldwell-KL; Eisenberg-J
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2010 Jan; 52(1):81-84
NIOSHTIC No.
20036268
Abstract
Objectives: Some firefighter station uniforms contain the flame-retardant, antimony trioxide. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health investigated a possible outbreak of antimony toxicity wherein 30 firefighters reported elevated antimony levels on hair analyses. Methods: We surveyed and collected urine samples from firefighters not wearing (Fire Department A) and wearing (Fire Department B) antimony-containing pants. Urine antimony concentrations were measured and adjusted for creatinine. Results: All 20 participating firefighters from Fire Department A and 41 (97.6%) of 42 participating firefighters from Fire Department B had urine antimony concentrations below or within the national reference range. No differences in urine antimony levels between departments were detected. Conclusions: Wearing antimony-containing uniforms does not pose a risk for antimony toxicity. This investigation highlights the importance of using validated methods for toxicity determination and of accurate, timely risk communication.
Keywords
Fire-fighters; Fire-fighting-equipment; Fire-protection-equipment; Emergency-responders; Flame-retardants; Heavy-metals;
Contact
Marie A. de Perio, MD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, 4676 Columbia Pkwy, R-10, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
JOEMFM
CAS No.
7440-36-0; 7439-97-6
Publication Date
20100101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Mdeperio@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Services
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
OH
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