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Findings from industrial hygiene air sampling, ventilation assessment, and a medical survey at a facility that manufactures flavorings, modified dairy products, and bacterial additives.

Authors
Sahakian-N; Kullman-G; Dunn-K; Kanwal-R
Source
Int J Occup Environ Health 2009 Oct; 15(4):416-417
NIOSHTIC No.
20036180
Abstract
The HHE Program responded to a request to investigate the risk of respiratory problems from exposures to diacetyl, butter flavorings, cheese flavorings, enzymes, colors, bacterial cultures, and cleaning agents at a flavorings manufacturing plant. HHE Program investigators measured air concentrations of flavoring chemicals and dust and evaluated the effectiveness of ventilation systems. Investigators also interviewed workers, measured their lung function, and conducted methacholine challenge testing to identify hyperreactive airways. HHE Program investigators found that air concentrations of diacetyl in certain areas of the facility were similar to concentrations measured at other plants where workers have developed severe lung disease, likely caused by exposure to diacetyl and possibly other flavoring chemicals. Investigators measured high diacetyl concentrations during tasks involving the manual pouring of diacetyl or diacetyl-containing starter distillate and during cleaning activities. HHE Program investigators recommended that facility managers provide respiratory protection, protective clothing, eye protection, and gloves for employees who work in areas of potential exposure, and that employees wear personal protective equipment as directed by management. Investigators also recommended that the facility perform baseline spirometry tests and repeat spirometry tests for workers. The final report is available at: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hhe/reports/pdfs/2007-0327-3083.pdf.
Keywords
Respiratory-function-tests; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-function-tests; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Eye-irritants; Eye-disorders; Eye-protective-equipment; Food-additives; Food-colors; Bacteria; Bacterial-dusts; Organic-compounds; Organic-dusts; Respirable-dust; Airborne-dusts; Airborne-particles; Allergies; Allergic-reactions; Allergens; Bronchial-asthma; Fungi; Plant-dusts; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Lung-irritants; Ventilation; Ventilation-systems; Medical-surveys; Medical-examinations; Airway-obstruction; Airway-resistance; Spirometry; Dermatitis; Skin-diseases; Skin-disorders; Skin-exposure; Skin-irritants
CODEN
IOEHFU
CAS No.
431-03-8
Publication Date
20091001
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1077-3525
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; DART
Priority Area
Manufacturing
SIC Code
NAICS-311930; NAICS-31151; NAICS-311942; NAICS-32513; NAICS-311119
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
State
WI; OH
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