Mining Operations: In 2007, a total of 7,199 sand and gravel mining operations reported employment to the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). 1. Sand and gravel mines were the largest mining sector, comprising 48.4% of all mining operations. 2. Sand and gravel mines were found throughout all 50 states and Puerto Rico. Employees: A total of 45,761 employees, corresponding to 38,340 full-time equivalent (FTE) employees, were reported by sand and gravel mine operators. 1. Within the mining sectors, sand and gravel mine operator employees accounted for 11.4% of all employee hours reported to MSHA. Fatalities: Five work-related fatalities occurred among sand and gravel operator employees in 2007. This compared to six fatalities in 2006. 1. The sand and gravel mine operator fatality rate was 15.0 fatalities per 100,000 FTE employees. 2. Powered haulage was associated with 60% (n=3) of sand and gravel fatalities. Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries: There were 657 nonfatal lost-time injuries among sand and gravel operator employees occurring at an overall rate of 2.0 injuries per 100 FTE employees. A total of 30,440 days lost from work resulted from these injuries. 1. The most frequent classifications of nonfatal lost-time injuries for sand and gravel operator employees involved handling materials (n=234; 35.6%) and slip or fall of person (n=170; 25.9%). 2. Sprains and strains were the most frequently reported nature of injury (n=241; 36.7%). 3. The back was the most frequently reported body part injured (n=124; 18.9%) followed by fingers (n=105; 16.0%). Back injuries represented 10,808 days lost from work; finger injuries represented 2,880 days lost.
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236