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Atypical work hours and metabolic syndrome among police officers.

Authors
Violanti-JM; Burchfiel-CM; Hartley-TA; Mnatsakanova-A; Fekedulegn-D; Andrew-ME; Charles-LE; Vila-BJ
Source
Arch Environ Occup Health 2009 Fall; 64(3):194-201
NIOSHTIC No.
20036044
Abstract
This study examined whether atypical work hours are associated with metabolic syndrome among a random sample of 98 police officers. Shift work and overtime data from daily payroll records and reported sleep duration were obtained. Metabolic syndrome was defined as elevated waist circumference and triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, hypertension, and glucose intolerance. Multivariate analysis of variance and analysis of covariance models were used for analyses. Officers working midnight shifts were on average younger and had a slightly higher mean number of metabolic syndrome components. Stratification on sleep duration and overtime revealed significant associations between midnight shifts and the mean number of metabolic syndrome components among officers with less sleep (p = .013) and more overtime (p = .007). Results suggest shorter sleep duration and more overtime combined with midnight shift work may be important contributors to the metabolic syndrome.
Keywords
Circadian-rhythms; Health-hazards; Health-surveys; Law-enforcement; Metabolic-disorders; Metabolic-study; Metabolites; Occupational-health; Police-officers; Shift-work; Shift-workers; Sleep-deprivation; Sleep-disorders; Statistical-analysis; Stress; Author Keywords: cardiovascular disease; overtime; police officers; shift work; sleep
Contact
John M Violanti, School of Public Health and Health Professions, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, 270 Farber Hall, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214
CODEN
AEOHAJ
Publication Date
20090901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
violanti@buffalo.edu
Funding Amount
76986
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-003772
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1933-8244
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Services: Public Safety; Research Tools and Approaches: Intervention Effectiveness Research
Source Name
Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
State
NY; WV
Performing Organization
University of New York at Buffalo
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