Brazilian young adults and noise: attitudes, habits, and audiological characteristics.
Zocoli-AMF; Morata-TC; Marques-JM; Corteletti-LJ
Int J Audiol 2009 Oct; 48(10):692-699
The objective of this study was to examine behaviors and attitudes of Brazilian teenagers towards noise, and determine their audiological characteristics. Participants were 245 young persons (14 to 18 years old) who attended private school. Behaviors and attitudes were measured using the validated Portuguese version of the Youth Attitude to Noise Scale (YANS). Pure-tone audiometry was used to evaluate the hearing of a sub-sample of 24 participants. Music played through personal media players was the most common exposure reported. A substantial percentage of participants reported temporary tinnitus (69%) after attending discos, music concerts, and listening to music through headphones. Tinnitus complaints were more frequent among females (41%) than males (27%). Four participants (1.6%) reported use of a hearing protector. Among a subsample of 24 participants, two (8%) young women had bilateral audiometric notches. YANS scores in the present study were slightly lower than those obtained in Sweden and the US, indicating a more negative attitude towards noise. Gender, age, country, and/or region are variables that will influence exposure to noise or music and possibly hearing outcomes.
Audiological-testing; Auditory-system; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods Hearing; Hearing-acuity; Hearing-disorders; Hearing-level; Hearing-loss; Hearing-tests; Hearing-threshold; Noise-exposure; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Psycho-social/emotional; Risk-factors; Statistical-analysis;
Author Keywords: Demographics/epidemiology; Hearing conservation; Tinnitus; Psycho-social/emotional; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Statistical-analysis; Risk-factors
Thais C. Morata, Division of Applied Research and Technology, CDC, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Mail Stop C-27, Cincinnati, OH 45226
International Journal of Audiology