Time dependent roof deterioration at a central Ohio coal mine.
Klemetti-T; Oyler-D; Molinda-G
Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, July 28-30, 2009, Morgantown, West Virginia. Peng SS, Barczak T, Mark C, Tadolini S, Finfinger G, Heasley K, Luo Y, eds., Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University, 2009 Jul; :248-255
Roof deterioration in weak moisture-sensitive rock leads to roof falls in coal mines. An observation site was set up in intake air at an underground coal mine in central Ohio to evaluate the time-dependent deterioration of moisture-sensitive roof rock. By periodically collecting and weighing the rock falling from the roof, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was able to quantify the deterioration of the moisture-sensitive shale roof. The measurements showed that more roof rock is falling in the dry winter months. Movements in an intersection were monitored in order to determine if deformation correlated with seasonal changes in temperature and humidity. The rate of intersection roof-to-floor convergence was found to be cyclical and related to seasonal changes, with more convergence during the months of April through September. At the study site intersection, the roof beam did not show deflection indicating movement most likely due to mine floor deformation. The bolt load also increased in the warmer months before shedding load, possibly due to rock failure. Temperature and relative humidity sensors, placed in holes in the roof show that mine air does not mix with the air in the holes. Consistent saturation levels of relative humidity were measured in the holes and it appears that high levels of moisture may have migrated into the bolt holes from roof shales. A roof sealant applied to a portion of the test roof appears to be preserving the roof and reducing the amount of rock fall into the entry, while the screened area virtually eliminated rock falling from the roof.
Coal-miners; Coal-mining; Coal-workers; Ground-control; Ground-stability; Humidity; Injuries; Mine-shafts; Mining-industry; Occupational-hazards; Quantitative-analysis; Relative-humidity; Risk-analysis; Rock-falls; Rock-mechanics; Room-and-pillar-mining; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Temperature-effects; Temperature-measurement; Time-weighted-average-exposure; Underground-mining; Work-areas; Work-environment; Workplace-studies
Peng-SS; Barczak-T; Mark-C; Tadolini-S; Finfinger-G; Heasley-K; Luo-Y
Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, July 28-30, 2009, Morgantown, West Virginia