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Problems in donning self-contained self-rescuers.

Authors
Vaught-C; Cole-HP
Source
Mining applications of life support technology. Proceedings: Bureau of Mines technology transfer seminar, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November 20, 1986. Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9134, 1987 Jan; :26-34
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20035771
Abstract
In 1986 University of Kentucky and Bureau of Mines researchers participated in a series of related SCSR donning studies. To establish a baseline for their investigations, they interviewed more than 50 mine safety instructors, rescue team members, and inspectors. The interviews support a widely held notion that very few underground coal miners ever actually don an SCSR in training. Rather, the typical training session will include a film, a slide-tape presentation, or a talk by an instructor who stands before the class and demonstrates the steps involved. Given the industry's heavy reliance on abstract training methods, the research staff reviewed all generally available literature for the four models in common use (CSE, Draeger, MSA, and Ocenco). They targeted three main concerns with current training materials: (1) The recommended donning position appears difficult and inefficient and is impossible for miners working in low coal, (2) the donning sequence tends to place nonessential and time-consuming tasks such as strap adjustment ahead of some of the steps necessary to isolate one's lungs from the surrounding atmosphere, and (3) the materials present no simplified, easy-to-remember procedural rules to help miners order the complex array of tasks needed to use the device in an emergency. An innovative training package was developed and field-tested. The data indicate that the new approach has great promise for improved SCSR donning efficiency.
Keywords
Mining-research; Breathing-apparatus; Underground-mining; Life-support-systems; Mine-safety; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Self-contained-breathing-apparatus; Self-contained-self-rescuers; Mine-disasters; Mining-industry; Mine-rescue; Mine-escapes; Training
Publication Date
19870101
Document Type
IH; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
1987
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Mining applications of life support technology. Proceedings: Bureau of Mines technology transfer seminar, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November 20, 1986
State
PA; KY
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