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The burden of fatal occupational injuries in the U.S. mining industry, 1992-2002.

Authors
Biddle-E; Keane-P
Source
NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Morgantown, WV: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2008 Oct; :A5.1
NIOSHTIC No.
20035741
Abstract
Introduction: Historically, mining has been one of the most hazardous industries, with more than 150 miners dying annually from occupational injuries. Understanding the economic burden of these fatalities is important to setting broad occupational safety and health research priorities. Cost estimates provide additional information about how fatal injuries affect society and hence can improve injury prevention and control program planning, policy analysis, evaluation, and advocacy. This study estimates the total, mean, and median societal costs by worker and case characteristic for the mining industry from 1992- 2002. Methods: Mining fatal occupational injuries data are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injury (CFOI). This system compiles data from all 50 States (excluding New York City) and the District of Columbia using multiple sources for decedents of any age for the mining industry. The cost to society of workplace fatalities in the mining industry was estimated using the cost-of-illness approach, which combines direct and indirect costs to yield an overall impact of an occupational fatal injury on the Gross Domestic Product. Results: Over the 11-year study period, 1,721 occupational fatalities occurred in mining and accounted for a total cost of $1.8 billion and a mean cost of just over $1million per incident. Mining reported fewer fatalities and lower total costs compared to other industry divisions during this study period. However, the industry demonstrated a relatively high mean cost of an occupational fatal injury - second only to fatalities occurring in Public Administration. By major industry group, oil and gas extraction had the highest total and mean costs; coal mining was second. Conclusions: Consistent with findings on the number and rate of fatalities in mining, cost estimates from this study suggest that research to prevent fatal occupational injuries in mining should be a high priority.
Keywords
Accident-prevention; Accidents; Coal-miners; Coal-mining; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Miners; Mining-industry; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-safety-programs; Risk-factors; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-research; Statistical-analysis; Traumatic-injuries; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-operations; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Surveillance
Publication Date
20081021
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DSR
Priority Area
Construction
Source Name
NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
State
WV; PA
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