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Nail-gun injuries treated in emergency departments - United States, 2001-2005.

Authors
Jackson-L; Lipscomb-H
Source
NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Morgantown, WV: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2008 Oct; :P08
NIOSHTIC No.
20035738
Abstract
Introduction: Speed, ease of use, and ready availability have made pneumatic nail guns a common tool used in work settings such as residential construction and wood-product fabrication. In addition, the tools are now readily available to consumers, extending to the public what had been primarily a potential work-related hazard. Methods: To characterize nail-gun injuries in work and nonwork settings, injuries treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments (EDs) were studied by using the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC's) National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) and the NEISS occupational injury supplement (NEISS-Work) maintained by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Results: During 2001-2005, an average of approximately 37,000 patients with injuries related to nail-gun use were treated annually in EDs, with 40% of injuries (14,800) occurring among consumers. In addition, in 2005, nail-gun injuries among consumers were about three times higher than in 1991 (4,200) - approximately a 200% increase. In 2005, most injured consumers and workers were men. The median age for injured workers was 27 years, and 35 years for consumers. The diagnosis associated with 87% of the nail-gun injuries was either wound with a foreign body or puncture wound. Discussion: ED injury estimates provide a national perspective on the injuries received from nail guns and indicate how injuries from tools used in work and nonwork settings can overlap. Although training regarding safe work practices might reduce nail-gun injuries, use of sequential-trip triggers is likely to be more effective. The current voluntary ANSI standard only addresses availability of the sequential-trip triggers. Distribution of new nail guns with sequential-trip triggers without the optional contract-trip triggers might help reduce nail-gun injuries.
Keywords
Accident-prevention; Accident-rates; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Construction; Construction-equipment; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Control-technology; Electrical-safety; Exposure-methods; Hand-injuries; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-safety-programs; Pneumatic-equipment; Power-generation; Power-tools; Risk-factors; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Training; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-environment; Work-operations; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Work-practices
Publication Date
20081021
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
State
WV; PA
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