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Application of the industrial hygiene hierarchy of controls to prioritize and promote safer methods of pest control: a case study.

Authors
Weinberg-JL; Bunin-LJ; Das-R
Source
Public Health Rep 2009 Jul-Aug; 124(Suppl 1):53-62
NIOSHTIC No.
20035703
Abstract
In 2005, the California Department of Public Health, Occupational Health Branch (OHB) investigated an incident of pesticide exposure and identified 27 vineyard workers who became ill due to drift of cyfluthrin, a pesticide being applied to a neighboring orange field to control katydids. Another pest, citrus thrips, was also present in the field. We investigated safer alternatives for katydid and thrips control to prevent illness due to pesticide exposure and used the industrial hygiene hierarchy of controls to prioritize the control methods. OHB evaluated factors that contributed to pesticide exposure and identified safer alternatives by conducting literature reviews on katydid and thrips control, drift prevention technology, and other relevant topics, and by interviewing integrated pest management advisors, conventional and organic growers, equipment manufacturers, county agricultural commissioners, pest control advisors, regulatory agencies, and others. We prioritized methods using the industrial hygiene hierarchy of controls. We identified safer pest control practices that incorporated hazard elimination, chemical substitution, engineering controls, and administrative controls, including employer policies and government regulations.
Keywords
Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Pests; Agricultural-chemicals; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Agricultural-machinery; Hypersensitivity; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-research; Chemical-hypersensitivity; Chemical-reactions; Organic-chemicals; Engineering-controls; Employee-exposure; Employee-health; Work-environment; Work-practices; Worker-health; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health
Contact
Rupali Das, MD, MPH, Occupational Health Branch, California Department of Public Health, 850 Marina Bay Pkwy., Bldg. P, 3rd Floor, Richmond, CA 94804-6404
CODEN
PHRPA6
Publication Date
20090701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
rupali.das@cdph.ca.gov
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008468
ISSN
0033-3549
Source Name
Public Health Reports
State
CA
Performing Organization
Public Health Institute
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