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Effect of pneumatic power tool use on nerve conduction velocity across the wrist.

Authors
Rosecrance-J; Anton-D; Cook-T; Merlino-L
Source
Hum Factors Ergon Manuf 2005 Sep; 15(4):339-352
NIOSHTIC No.
20035630
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine if the use of pneumatic power tools altered electrophysiologic properties of the median and ulnar nerves at the wrist during the work shift. Sensory nerve conduction velocities were measured in hands of workers before work and then at 2-hour intervals during the workday. Ten workers exposed to pneumatic power tool use and 10 workers not exposed to intensive hand activity were evaluated. The conduction velocities slowed significantly across the wrist in the median and ulnar nerves among workers using pneumatic tools but not among control workers. This investigation demonstrated that short-term exposure to highly intensive hand tasks causes significant slowing in nerve conduction velocity across the wrist.
Keywords
Hand-protection; Hand-tools; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Work-practices; Worker-health; Workers; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Workshops; Nerve-damage; Nerve-fibers; Nerve-function; Nerve-tissue; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Exposure-methods; Power-tools; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors
Contact
D. Anton, Occupational and Environmental Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242
CODEN
HFEMF5
Publication Date
20050901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
john.rosecrance@colostate.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement; Grant; Construction
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U54-OH-008307; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008491
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1090-8471
Priority Area
Construction
Source Name
Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing
State
CO; IA; MD
Performing Organization
Center to Protect Workers' Rights
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