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Development of a decision support system for residential construction using panellised walls: approach and preliminary results.

Authors
Nussbaum-MA; Shewchuk-JP; Kim-S; Seol-H; Guo-C
Source
Ergonomics 2009 Jan; 52(1):87-103
NIOSHTIC No.
20035447
Abstract
There is a high prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among residential construction workers, yet control in this industry can be difficult for a number of reasons. A decision support system (DSS) is described here to allow early assessment of both ergonomic and productivity concerns, specifically by designers. Construction using prefabricated walls (panels) is the focus of current DSS development and is based conceptually on an existing 'Safety in Construction Design' model. A stepwise description of the development process is provided, including input from end users, taxonomy development and task analysis, construction worker input, detailed laboratory-based simulations and modelling/solution approaches and implementation. Preliminary results are presented for several steps. These results suggest that construction activities using panels can be efficiently represented, that some of these activities involve exposure to high levels of WMSD risk and that several assumptions are required to allow for ease of mathematical and computational implementation of the DSS. Successful development of such tools, which allow for proactive control of exposures, is argued as having substantial potential benefit.
Keywords
Back-injuries; Biodynamics; Biological-function; Biomechanics; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Ergonomics; Muscle-physiology; Muscles; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-safety-programs; Physiological-factors; Physiological-stress; Posture; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-engineering; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Safety-practices; Statistical-analysis; Work-environment; Work-performance; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Author Keywords: residential construction; ergonomics; task analysis; risk assessment; prevention through design
Contact
Industrial and Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA
CODEN
ERGOAX
Publication Date
20090101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
nussbaum@vt.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U19-OH-008308
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0014-0139
Source Name
Ergonomics
State
VA
Performing Organization
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
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