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Flexible work arrangements and work-family conflict after childbirth.

Authors
Grice-MM; McGovern-PM; Alexander-BH
Source
Occup Med 2008 Oct; 58(7):468-474
NIOSHTIC No.
20035421
Abstract
Purpose: Since 1970, women of childbearing age have increasingly participated in the workforce. However, literature on work-family conflict has not specifically addressed the health of postpartum women. This study examined the relationship between work-family conflict and mental and physical health of employed mothers 11 weeks after childbirth. Methods: Employed women, 18 years and older, were recruited while in the hospital for childbirth (N = 817; 71% response rate). Mental and physical health at 11 weeks postpartum was measured using SF-12 version 2. General linear models estimated the associations between the independent variables and health. A priori causal models and directed acyclic graphs guided selection of confounding variables. Results: Analyses revealed that high levels of work interference with family were associated with significantly lower mental health scores. Medium and high levels of family interference with work revealed a dose-response relationship resulting in significantly worse mental health scores. Coworker support was strongly and positively associated with better physical health. Conclusions: Work-family conflict was negatively associated with mental health but not significantly associated with physical health. Availability of social support may relieve the burden women can experience when balancing work roles and family obligations.
Keywords
Demographic-characteristics; Emotional-stress; Employee-health; Epidemiology; Families; Fatigue; Mental-fatigue; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Physiological-measurements; Psychological-fatigue; Psychological-stress; Sociological-factors; Statistical-analysis; Women; Work-environment; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Author Keywords: Occupational health; pregnancy; women; workplace
Contact
Mira M. Grice, Graduate Program in Public Health, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Box 43, Brooklyn, NY 11203-2098
CODEN
OCMEE8
Publication Date
20081001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mira.grice@downstate.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R18-OH-003605; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008434
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
0962-7480
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Organization of Work
Source Name
Occupational Medicine
State
MN; NY
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
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