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Musculoskeletal disorders among construction roofers - physical function and disability.

Authors
Welch-L; Haile-E; Boden-LI; Hunting-KL
Source
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 2009 Jan; 35(1):56-63
NIOSHTIC No.
20035417
Abstract
Objectives: this study investigated the relationships between work demands, chronic medical and musculoskeletal conditions, aging, and the ability to remain on the job in a longitudinal study of 979 construction roofers between the ages of 40 and 59 years. Methods: in a phone interview at baseline and 1 year later, the participants were asked about the presence of medical conditions and musculoskeletal disorders, work limitations and work accommodations, and social and economic functioning. Results: among the workers for whom a musculoskeletal disorder was their most serious condition at baseline, 8% left roofing due to a health condition during the first year of follow-up. A comparison between those who left and those who stayed identified older age and lower physical functioning as statistically significant predictors of leaving the trade. Workers with a musculoskeletal disorder and who, in the baseline interview, reported receiving some type of job accommodation for their musculoskeletal disorder had an odds ratio of 0.24 (P=0.07) for leaving work by the time of the 1-year follow-up when compared with workers with a musculoskeletal disorder and no job accommodation. The workers with three or more work limitations were also more likely to leave roofing, but this association disappeared after adjustment for other factors. Conclusions: musculoskeletal conditions among roofers are strongly associated with work limitation, missed work, and reduced physical functioning, factors that are predictive of premature departure from the workforce. Job accommodation was provided for 31% of the roofers with a musculoskeletal disorder, and it was associated with a reduced likelihood of subsequently leaving roofing for health-related reasons.
Keywords
Age-factors; Blood-vessels; Work-analysis; Work-performance; Workplace-studies; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Medical-monitoring; Questionnaires; Sociological-factors; Physical-stress; Physiological-effects; Physiological-fatigue; Physiological-function; Physiological-measurements; Physiological-response; Physiological-stress; Physiological-testing; Physiology; Author Keywords: job accommodation; longitudinal study; low-back pain; occupation; work ability; work limitation
Contact
The Center for Construction Research and Training, 8484 Georgia Ave, Suite 1000, Silver Spring, MD 20910
CODEN
SWEHDO
Publication Date
20090101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
lwelch@cpwr.com
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003699
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0355-3140
Source Name
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
State
MD; MA; DC
Performing Organization
Center to Protect Workers Rights
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