Children's behavioral traits and risk of injury: analyses from a case-control study of agricultural households.
Carlson-KF; Gerberich-SG; Alexander-BH; Masten-AS; Church-TR; Shutske-JM; Ryan-AD; Renier-CM
J Saf Res 2009 Apr; 40(2):97-103
Problem: Children on family agricultural operations have high risk of injury. The association between children's behavioral traits and their risk of injury is not well understood. Method: Data from the Regional Rural Injury Study-II were used to assess behavioral risk factors for injury to children ages six to <20 years. A total of 379 injury events (cases) and 1,562 randomly selected controls were identified. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), calculated using logistic regression, were used to estimate injury risk in reference to behavioral traits. Results: Injury risks were greater for children with high levels of depressive symptoms (OR=1.9, CI=1.0-3.7) and aggression (OR=1.6, CI=0.9-2.7), and low levels of careful/cautious behavior (OR=1.8, CI=1.1-2.9). Children with low levels of self-regulation had reduced risks (OR=0.4, CI=0.2-0.8). Discussion: Results suggest that children's behaviors affect their risk of agricultural injury. Additional research could elucidate mechanisms and inform interventions. Impact on Industry: The development of multifaceted, sustainable approaches for prevention is necessary for this unique population. These findings suggest a need for interventions that incorporate specific behavior-related risk factors in the context of family farms and ranches.
Age-factors; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Behavior-patterns; Children; Education; Epidemiology; Farmers; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Occupational-hazards; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Statistical-analysis; Training; Work-environment;
Author Keywords: Agricultural injury; Injury; Youth; Behavior; Farm safety
Kathleen F. Carlson, Polytrauma and Blast-Related Injuries QUERI, Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, VA Medical Center (152/2E), One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417
Grant-Number-R01-CCR-514375; Grant-Nmber-R01-OH-004270; Grant-Number-T42-CCT-510422
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
Journal of Safety Research
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota