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Children's behavioral traits and risk of injury: analyses from a case-control study of agricultural households.

Authors
Carlson-KF; Gerberich-SG; Alexander-BH; Masten-AS; Church-TR; Shutske-JM; Ryan-AD; Renier-CM
Source
J Saf Res 2009 Apr; 40(2):97-103
NIOSHTIC No.
20035413
Abstract
Problem: Children on family agricultural operations have high risk of injury. The association between children's behavioral traits and their risk of injury is not well understood. Method: Data from the Regional Rural Injury Study-II were used to assess behavioral risk factors for injury to children ages six to <20 years. A total of 379 injury events (cases) and 1,562 randomly selected controls were identified. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), calculated using logistic regression, were used to estimate injury risk in reference to behavioral traits. Results: Injury risks were greater for children with high levels of depressive symptoms (OR=1.9, CI=1.0-3.7) and aggression (OR=1.6, CI=0.9-2.7), and low levels of careful/cautious behavior (OR=1.8, CI=1.1-2.9). Children with low levels of self-regulation had reduced risks (OR=0.4, CI=0.2-0.8). Discussion: Results suggest that children's behaviors affect their risk of agricultural injury. Additional research could elucidate mechanisms and inform interventions. Impact on Industry: The development of multifaceted, sustainable approaches for prevention is necessary for this unique population. These findings suggest a need for interventions that incorporate specific behavior-related risk factors in the context of family farms and ranches.
Keywords
Age-factors; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Behavior-patterns; Children; Education; Epidemiology; Farmers; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Occupational-hazards; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Statistical-analysis; Training; Work-environment; Author Keywords: Agricultural injury; Injury; Youth; Behavior; Farm safety
Contact
Kathleen F. Carlson, Polytrauma and Blast-Related Injuries QUERI, Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, VA Medical Center (152/2E), One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417
CODEN
JSFRAV
Publication Date
20090401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ferg0114@umn.edu
Funding Amount
819887
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-CCR-514375; Grant-Nmber-R01-OH-004270; Grant-Number-T42-CCT-510422
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0022-4375
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
Source Name
Journal of Safety Research
State
MN
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
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