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Simple solutions for reduced fish farm hazards.

Authors
Myers-ML; Cole-HP
Source
J Agromed 2009 Apr; 14(2):150-156
NIOSHTIC No.
20035408
Abstract
Aquaculture poses emerging challenges for agricultural safety and health. Fish farming has many of the same hazards as other types of farming, but it also poses additional hazards associated with water impoundments and night-time work. In a multidisciplinary approach, researchers from four universities are identifying occupational hazards in fish farming and identifying no-cost or low-cost "simple solutions" to reduce or eliminate them. Simple solutions are discovered through farm visits so as to understand the countermeasures that individual stakeholders have taken to protect their workforce, and these countermeasures are documented and photographed to inform other farmers of these solutions. Equipping tractors with rollover protective structures is a standard practice to protect operators from serious injury in the event of an overturn. Other solutions identified include eliminating the need to climb feed bins to open and close the hatch for feed delivery by using a pull-cable at ground level. This simple technology eliminates the exposure to falling from an elevation, a risk that accounts for at least one reported death of a worker on a fish farm. Another solution is to replace metal paddles on a hatchery trough with plastic paddles that if and when entangled in a worker's hair or clothing slip on the rotating drive shaft and thus reduce laceration and entanglement injuries. Another simple solution to prevent entanglements in large pond aerators, used to mechanically dissolve oxygen into the water, that are operated by farm tractor power take-off shafts is to use electrically powered aerators. Bubble-type aerators are safer than electrically powered paddle aerators because workers are shielded from moving parts. Many additional simple solutions have been identified for a range of tasks in this environment.
Keywords
Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-processes; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Demographic-characteristics; Education; Equipment-design; Equipment-reliability; Farmers; Fishing-industry; Hazards; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Personal-protective-equipment; Protective-equipment; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-climate; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Safety-research; Surveillance-programs; Work-analysis; Worker-health; Worker-motivation; Work-operations; Work-performance; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Author Keywords: Aquaculture; fish; fish farm; hazards; safety
Contact
Melvin L. Myers, Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health with the Southeast Center for Agricultural Health and Injury Prevention, College of Public Health, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40504-9842
Publication Date
20090401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
melvinmyers@charter.net
Funding Type
Grant; Agriculture; Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-007547; Grant-Number-R13-OH-009571
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1059-924X
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
SIC Code
NAICS-1141
Source Name
Journal of Agromedicine
State
KY; WI
Performing Organization
University of Kentucky
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