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Vascular function, inflammation, and variations in cardiac autonomic responses to particulate matter among welders.

Authors
Fang-SC; Cavallari-JM; Eisen-EA; Chen-JC; Mittleman-MA; Christiani-DC
Source
Am J Epidemiol 2009 Apr; 169(7):848-856
NIOSHTIC No.
20035202
Abstract
Patients with health conditions associated with impaired vascular function and inflammation may be more susceptible to the adverse health effects of fine particulate (particulate matter with a mass median aerodynamic diameter of < / = 2.5 mum (PM(2.5))) exposure. In 2006, the authors conducted a panel study to investigate directly whether vascular function and inflammation (assessed by C-reactive protein) modify PM(2.5)-associated reductions in heart rate variability among 23 young male workers (mean age, 40 years) from Massachusetts. Concurrent 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram and personal PM(2.5) exposure information was collected over a total of 36 person-days, including either or both welding and nonwelding days. Linear mixed models were used to examine the 5-minute standard deviation of normal-to-normal intervals (SDNN) in relation to the moving PM(2.5) averages in the preceding 1-4 hours. C-reactive protein levels and 3 measures of vascular function (augmentation index, mean arterial pressure, and pulse pressure) were determined at baseline. The authors observed an inverse association between the 1-hour PM(2.5) and 5-minute SDNN. Greater SDNN declines were observed among those with C-reactive protein (P(interaction) < 0.001) and augmentation index (P = 0.06) values at or above the 75th percentile and pulse pressure values below the 75th percentile (P < 0.001). Systemic inflammation and poorer vascular function appear to aggravate particle-related declines in heart rate variability among workers.
Keywords
Biodynamics; Biological-effects; Biological-factors; Biological-function; Biological-monitoring; Biological-systems; Blood-vessels; Cardiovascular-function; Cardiovascular-system; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Heart-rate; Medical-care; Medical-monitoring; Particle-aerodynamics; Particulates; Physical-reactions; Physiological-effects; Physiological-factors; Physiological-function; Physiological-measurements; Physiological-response; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-responses; Risk-factors; Veins; Welders; Welding-industry; Work-environment; Work-performance; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Author Keywords: augmentation; C-reactive protein; disease susceptibility; heart rate; inflammation; particulate matter; vascular diseases; welding
Contact
Dr. Shona C. Fang, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Building 1, Room 1402, Boston, MA 02115
CODEN
AJEPAS
Publication Date
20090401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
sfang@hsph.harvard.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008416
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
0002-9262
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology
State
MA
Performing Organization
Harvard School of Public Health
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