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Neurobehavioral, health, and safety consequences associated with shift work in safety-sensitive professions.

Authors
Barger-LK; Lockley-SW; Rajaratnam-SM; Landrigan-CP
Source
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2009 Mar; 9(2):155-164
NIOSHTIC No.
20035113
Abstract
Almost 15% of the full-time workers in the United States are shift workers. We review the physiologic challenges inherent not only in traditional night or rotating shifts but also in extended-duration shifts and other nonstandard hours. The challenging schedules of those in particularly safety-sensitive professions such as police officers, firefighters, and health care providers are highlighted. Recent findings describing the neurobehavioral, health, and safety outcomes associated with shift work also are reviewed. Comprehensive fatigue management programs that include education, screening for common sleep disorders, and appropriate interventions need to be developed to minimize these negative consequences associated with shift work.
Keywords
Behavior; Behavioral-disorders; Circadian-rhythms; Epidemiology; Health-hazards; Health-surveys; Neurological-reactions; Physiological-factors; Physiological-response; Physiological-fatigue; Risk-factors; Statistical-analysis; Safety-measures; Sleep-deprivation; Sleep-disorders; Shift-workers; Shift-work; Workplace-studies; Work-performance; Work-environment; Work-practices; Work-operations
Contact
Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 221 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115
Publication Date
20090301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
lkbarger@hms.harvard.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008496; Grant-Number-R01-OH-007567
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1528-4042
Source Name
Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
State
MA
Performing Organization
Brigham and Women's Hospital - Boston, Massachusetts
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