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Identifying sources of respirable quartz and silica dust in underground coal mines in southern West Virginia, western Virginia, and eastern Kentucky.

Authors
Schatzel-SJ
Source
Int J Coal Geol 2009 Apr; 78(2):110-118
NIOSHTIC No.
20035050
Abstract
Prior research has suggested that the source of respirable silica dust in underground coal mines is typically the immediate top or bottom lithology adjacent to the mined seam, not mineral matter bound within the mined coal bed. Geochemical analyses were applied in an effort to identify the specific source rock of respirable quartz dust in coal mines. The analyses also demonstrate the compositional changes that take place in the generation of the respirable dust fraction from parent rock material. All six mine sites were mining coal with relatively low mineral matter content, although two mines were operating in the Fire Clay coal bed which contains a persistent tonstein. Interpretations of Ca, Mg, Mn, Na, and K concentrations strongly suggest that the top strata above the mined seam is the primary source of mineral dust produced during mining. One site indicates a mixed or bottom source, possibly due to site specific conditions. Respirable dust compositional analyses suggest a direct relationship between the quantity of mineral Si and the quantity of quartz Si. A similar relationship was not found in either the top or bottom rocks adjacent to the mined seam. An apparent loss of elemental Al was noted in the respirable dust fraction when compared to potential parent rock sources. Elemental Al is present in top and bottom rock strata within illite, kaolinite, feldspar, and chlorite. A possible explanation for loss of Al in the respirable dust samples is the removal of clays and possibly chlorite minerals. It is expected that removal of this portion of the Al bearing mineral matter occurs during rock abrasion and dust transport prior to dust capture on the samplers.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Respirable-dust; Quartz-dust; Silica-dusts; Mineral-dusts; Author Keywords: Coal geochemistry; Coal mining; Respirable dust; Silicosis; Quartz; Analysis
Contact
Steven J. Schatzel, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, PO Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236, USA
CODEN
IJCGDE
Publication Date
20090401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
zia6@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0166-5162
NIOSH Division
PRL
Priority Area
Mining
Source Name
International Journal of Coal Geology
State
PA
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