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Occupational behaviors and farmworkers' pesticide exposure: findings from a study in Monterey County, California.

Authors
Salvatore-LA; Bradman-A; Castorina-R; Camacho-J; Lopez-J; Barr-DB; Snyder-J; Jewell-NP; Eskenazi-B
Source
Am J Ind Med 2008 Oct; 51(10):782-794
NIOSHTIC No.
20034823
Abstract
Background: We studied the relationship between behaviors promoted through the US Environmental Protection Agency Worker Protection Standard (WPS) and other programs and agricultural pesticide exposures in 73 strawberry fieldworkers employed in Monterey County, California. Methods: Farmworkers' behaviors were assessed via self-report, and organophosphorus (OP) pesticide exposure was measured using dimethyl alkylphosphate (DMAP) and malathion dicarboxylic acid (MDA) urinary metabolite levels. Results: Wearing WPS-recommended clothing, wearing clean work clothes, and the combination of handwashing with soap and wearing gloves were associated with decreases in DMAP and MDA metabolite levels. Despite these protective behaviors, however, participants had significantly higher levels of exposure as compared with a national reference sample. Conclusions: Interventions that facilitate compliance with these behaviors may be effective in decreasing fieldworkers' pesticide exposures. However, further efforts are needed to reduce the exposure disparities experienced by farmworkers and decrease the potential for ''take home'' exposures to farmworkers' families.
Keywords
Agricultural-chemicals; Agricultural-workers; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Toxic-materials; Behavior; Families; Farmers; Environmental-exposure; Occupational-exposure; Employee-exposure; Exposure-assessment; Personal-protective-equipment; Standards; Organo-phosphorus-pesticides; Protective-clothing; Pesticide-residues
Contact
Brenda Eskenazi, Center for Children's Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Suite 600, Berkeley, CA 94720-7380
CODEN
AJIMD8
CAS No.
101-77-9
Publication Date
20081001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
eskenazi@berkeley.edu
Funding Amount
909365
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-007400
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
CA; GA; KY
Performing Organization
University of California, Berkeley
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