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Occupational safety: application of the job demand-control-support model.

Authors
Snyder-LA; Krauss-AD; Chen-PY; Finlinson-S; Huang-YH
Source
Accid Anal Prev 2008 Sep; 40(5):1713-1723
NIOSHTIC No.
20034810
Abstract
The utility of the job demand-control-support (JDCS) model for explaining psychological and physical well-being has been documented in a variety of settings. The current study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of the JDCS model for predicting occupational safety well-being criteria (i.e., workplace injuries) based on two studies that employed samples of union blue-collar workers from two different regions of the United States. The JDCS model's buffer hypotheses were evaluated using hierarchical linear modeling. Both studies showed significant interactions between situational constraints and safety control to predict workplace injuries such that safety control buffered the negative effects of situational constraints. No significant three-way interaction between situational constraints, safety control, and safety climate on workplace injuries was found for either study. The implications of the present findings for both the JDCS model and occupational safety research are discussed.
Keywords
Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Statistical-analysis; Mathematical-models; Work-environment; Work-practices; Work-analysis; Worker-health; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Qualitative-analysis; Physiological-factors; Psychological-factors; Author Keywords: Job demand-control-support model; Situational constraints; Safety control; Safety climate; Workplace injuries
Contact
Lori Anderson Snyder, Department of Psychology, University of Oklahoma, 455 West Lindsey Street, DHT 705, Norman, OK 73019
CODEN
AAPVB5
Publication Date
20080901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
lsnyder@ou.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement; Construction
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U54-OH-008307
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0001-4575
Priority Area
Construction
Source Name
Accident Analysis and Prevention
State
OK; OR; CO; PA; MA; MD
Performing Organization
Center to Protect Workers' Rights
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