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Single pre-exposure to a high dose of zymosan enhances lung defense mechanisms and accelerates the pulmonary clearance of a bacterial pathogen in rats.

Authors
Young-SH; Antonini-JM; Roberts-JR
Source
Exp Lung Res 2008 Nov; 34(9):559-578
NIOSHTIC No.
20034725
Abstract
The present study examines the effects of pre-exposure to zymosan (a 1 --> 3-beta-glucan from baker yeast) on lung defense against bacterial infection. Rats received a single dose of zymosan A (0.6, 1.2, or 2.5 mg/kg body weight [bw]) or vehicle control (saline) via intratracheal instillation 3 days prior to intratracheal inoculation with 5 x 10(5) Listeria monocytogenes. Left lungs were homogenized and cultured to assess bacterial clearance, and bronchoalveolar lavage was performed on the right lungs to monitor lung inflammation and injury. Prior to bacterial infection, zymosan exposure resulted in elevated inflammation and oxidant production in the lungs. Zymosan treatment followed by infection led to an accelerated pulmonary clearance of bacteria when compared to the saline control group in a dose-dependent fashion. In addition, lower levels of injury and inflammation were associated with the enhanced bacteria clearance observed in zymosan-infected rats. Our findings suggest that zymosan exposure may enhance the lung immune response by activating alveolar macrophages prior to infection, and stimulating T cells involved in the adaptive immune response early after infection, thus resulting in a heightened pulmonary immune response.
Keywords
Bacterial-infections; Cell-biology; Cell-function; Cell-metabolism; Cellular-reactions; Cellular-uptake; Respiratory-infections; Pulmonary-function; Immune-reaction; Immune-system; Immunology; Alveolar-cells; Bacteria; Bactericides; Pulmonary-clearance; Lung-cells; Lung-function; Lung-irritants
Contact
Shih-Houng Young, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, M-S 2015, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
EXLRDA
Publication Date
20081101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
sby5@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
0190-2148
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Construction; Manufacturing
Source Name
Experimental Lung Research
State
WV
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