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Asthma arising in flavoring-exposed food production workers.

Authors
Sahakian-N; Kullman-G; Lynch-D; Kreiss-K
Source
Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2008 Sep-Oct; 21(2):173-177
NIOSHTIC No.
20034625
Abstract
Objectives: While working for a small family-owned popcorn popping company, all of the three non-smoking workers developed a respiratory disease. Because of the newly identified associations between the flavoring chemicals and bronchiolitis obliterans, the specifics of these cases and their exposures were investigated to add to the body of knowledge of flavoring-related lung disease. Materials and Methods: We obtained data on work processes as well as full-shift personal and area air samples for diacetyl, acetoin, 2-nonanone, acetaldehyde, and total volatile organic compounds. Air samples were collected on thermal desorption tubes for analysis by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. We also reviewed medical records and conducted interview with the workers. Results: Air samples representative of the exposures that exacerbated asthma symptoms in two workers contained many different aldehydes. The data from interview and medical records and the high resolution computed tomograms of the chest indicated the presence of occupational asthma in all the three workers and possible bronchiolitis obliterans in two of them. This case series emphasizes a need for exposure reduction and medical surveillance among workers exposed to flavoring chemicals, and provides evidence for an increased risk of occupational asthma, as well as bronchiolitis obliterans, in flavoring-exposed workers.
Keywords
Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Workers; Worker-health; Respiration; Respiratory-function-tests; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Breathing; Breathing-zone; Pulmonary-congestion; Pulmonary-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disorders; Lung-irritants; Chemical-hypersensitivity; Air-samples; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-health; Surveillance-programs
Contact
K. Kreiss, Field Studies Branch, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Suite H2800, Morgantown, West Virginia, U.S.A., 26505
CODEN
IOMHEZ
Publication Date
20080901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
KKreiss@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0867-8383
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
State
WV
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