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Estimating the permeation resistance of nonporous barrier polymers to sulfur mustard (HD) and Sarin (GB) chemical warfare agents using liquid simulants.

Authors
Rivin-D; Shuely-WJ; Palya-F Jr.; Lindsay-RS; Rodriguez-A; Bartram-PW
Source
NIOSH 2008 Jul; :1-100
NIOSHTIC No.
20034609
Abstract
The purpose of this document is to report the results of the NIOSH Chemical Warfare Agent (CWA) Simulant Project that had the following goals: 1.) Identify chemicals (simulants) that simulate the permeation of Sarin (GB) and sulfur mustard (HD) through elastomeric barrier materials that are commonly used in respirators. 2.) Develop a convenient and reliable laboratory procedure (test method) that can be used by Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) manufacturers for estimating GB and HD permeation rates through barrier materials using the simulants. PPE manufacturers can use this method to screen and deselect candidate barrier materials during product development testing. Advancements in this research can benefit the first responder community by providing PPE manufacturers with information and testing techniques that will reduce the time and resources needed to engineer products that weigh less, have better permeation resistance, are less cumbersome, and could potentially be less expensive.
Keywords
Chemical-warfare-agents; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Respirators; Personal-protective-equipment; Protective-equipment; Protective-materials; Neurotoxins
CAS No.
5535-49-9; 2163-00-0; 1445-75-6; 683-08-9
Publication Date
20080701
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
PB2009-100852
NTIS Price
A06
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 2008-141
NIOSH Division
NPPTL
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
PA
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