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Expectations training for miners using self-contained self-rescuers in escapes from underground coal mines.

Authors
Kowalski-Trakofler-KM; Vaught-C; Brnich-MJ Jr.
Source
J Occup Environ Hyg 2008 Oct; 5(10):671-677
NIOSHTIC No.
20034580
Abstract
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health researchers conducted a study to investigate the human response issues related to wearing a self-contained self-rescuer (SCSR). The goal was to develop training to educate miners on what they could expect from their units during an escape. Subjects included miners who had experience wearing SCSRs, manufacturers, and researchers. Results identified nine key areas of concern: (1) starting the unit, (2) unit heat, (3) induction of coughing, (4) unit taste, (5) difficulty in breathing while wearing the unit, (6) quality of the air supplied, (7) nose clips, (8) goggles, and (9) the behavior of the breathing bag. In addition, researchers reviewed the literature on human response under duress. This article describes the expectations training program, which comprises the findings of the SCSR study and what is known about the normal human response in an emergency. The authors present background on SCSRs and the SCSR switchover procedure mandated in the recent federal Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act of 2006, which provided the impetus for the expectations training.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Mine-disasters; Mine-escapes; Mine-rescue; Training; Self-contained-self-rescuers; Self-contained-breathing-apparatus
Contact
Kathleen M. Kowalski-Trakofler, NIOSH-DPRB, P.O. Box 18070. Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0070
CODEN
JOEHA2
Publication Date
20081001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kkowalski@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
1545-9624
NIOSH Division
PRL
Priority Area
Mining
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
PA
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