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Shift-work and suicide ideation among police officers.

Authors
Violanti-JM; Charles-LE; Hartley-TA; Mnatsakanova-A; Andrew-ME; Fekedulegn-D; Vila-B; Burchfiel-CM
Source
Am J Ind Med 2008 Oct; 51(10):758-768
NIOSHTIC No.
20034498
Abstract
Background: This cross-sectional study assessed the association of shift work with suicide ideation among police officers. Methods: Shift work was based on daily payroll records over 5 years (41 women, 70 men). Standardized psychological measures were employed. ANOVA and Poisson regression were used to evaluate associations. Results: Among policewomen with increased depressive symptoms, prevalence of suicide ideation increased by 116% for every 10-unit increase in percentage of hours worked on day shift (prevalence ratio (PR) = 2.16; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.22-3.71). Among policemen with higher (but not lower) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, prevalence of suicide ideation increased by 13% with every 10-unit increase in the percentage of hours worked on afternoon shift (PR = 1.13; 95% CI = 1.00-1.22). Conclusion: Prevalence of suicide ideation significantly increased among policewomen with higher depressive symptoms and increasing day shift hours, and among policemen with higher PTSD symptoms with increasing afternoon shift hours.
Keywords
Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Occupational-health; Work-environment; Workplace-studies; Statistical-analysis; Sleep-deprivation; Sleep-disorders; Stress; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Sex-factors; Deprivation; Shift-work; Shift-workers; Occupational-psychology; Mental-disorders; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Circadian-rhythms; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Occupational-exposure; Epidemiology; Police-officers; Emergency-responders
Contact
John M.Violanti, Department of Social & PreventiveMedicine, School of Public Health & Health Professions, 270 Farber Hall, State University of NY at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20081001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
violanti@buffalo.edu
Funding Type
Grant; Purchase Order
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-003772; Purchase-Order-HELD01B0088
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Services; Research Tools and Approaches: Intervention Effectiveness Research; Services: Public Safety
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
WV; NY; WA
Performing Organization
University of New York at Buffalo
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