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Measuring job characteristics and mental health among Latino farmworkers: results from cognitive testing.

Authors
Grzywacz-JG; Alterman-T; Muntaner-C; Gabbard-S; Nakamoto-J; Carroll-DJ
Source
J Immigr Minor Health 2009 Apr; 11(2):131-138
NIOSHTIC No.
20034458
Abstract
Background: Few research instruments used in occupational stress research have been evaluated for acceptability and validity among immigrant Latino farmworkers. Methods: Cognitive testing was completed with 40 migrant and seasonal farmworkers (21 women, 19 men) through two focus groups and 16 one-on-one interviews conducted in Texas and Florida. Participants responded to the K-6, a short form instrument designed to measure psychological distress, selected items from the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and standard health items. Results: The K-6 items were characterized as too long and using a higher ''class'' language than farmworkers use. Further, the cultural connotation of several items in the K-6 was viewed as inappropriate by farmworkers. Demand items from the JCQ were interpreted inconsistently, whereas decision latitude items were consistently understood but viewed as irrelevant to farmworkers. Conclusions: The results highlight the difficulties involved in conducting research with immigrant farmworkers, and they suggest that researchers interested in studying antecedents and consequences of farmworker mental health need to select instruments cautiously.
Keywords
Farmers; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Mental-health; Job-stress; Men; Women; Humans; Psychological-effects; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Questionnaires; Qualitative-analysis; Surveillance-programs
Contact
Joseph G. Grzywacz, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1084, USA
CODEN
JIHEF5
Publication Date
20090401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
grzywacz@wfubmc.edu
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1557-1912
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
State
OH
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