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Relational demography in the workplace and health: an analysis of gender and the subordinate-superordinate role-set.

Authors
Schieman-S; McMullen-T
Source
J Health Soc Behav 2008 Sep; 49(3):286-300
NIOSHTIC No.
20034401
Abstract
Using data from a 2005 national survey of working adults in the United States, we examine the effects of the gender composition of the superordinate-subordinate role-set on mental and physical health measures. Subordinates' and superordinates' genders are important determinants. Men who work in gender-mixed superordinate contexts (i.e., with one male and one female superior) report lower levels of distress and physical symptoms than men who work with one male superior. Women who work with one male superior report less distress and fewer physical symptoms compared to women who work with one female superior or in gender-mixed superordinate contexts. With a few exceptions, these observations generally hold net of occupation, job sector, and an array of work-related conditions. We discuss the implications of these findings in light of predictions derived from the similarity-attraction and role congruity theories. We also outline ways that theoretical development in relational demography can be refined by a more specific focus on the demographic characteristics--especially gender--of the superordinate-subordinate role-set.
Keywords
Genetic-factors; Work-environment; Work-organization; Work-performance; Work-practices; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Sociological-factors; Supervisory-personnel; Workers; Management-personnel
Contact
Scott Schieman, Department of Sociology, 725 Spadina Ave., University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 2J4 Canada
CODEN
JHSBA5
Publication Date
20080901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
moshe.solomonow@uchsc.edu
Funding Amount
695194
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008141
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0022-1465
Source Name
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Performing Organization
University of Toronto
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