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An examination of antecedents to coal miners' hearing protection behaviors: A test of the theory of planned behavior.

Authors
Quick-BL; Stephenson-MT; Witte-K; Vaught-C; Booth-Butterfield-S; Patel-D
Source
J Saf Res 2008 Jun; 39(3):329-338
NIOSHTIC No.
20034251
Abstract
Problem: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's [NIOSH] National Occupational Research Agenda (DHHS Publication No. 96-115) reports that approximately 50% of miners will experience hearing loss by age 50, compared to only 9% of the general population. The present investigation examines three antecedents believed to be associated with miner's use of hearing protection. Method: A posttest-delayed-posuest-control group field research design was employed to assess antecedents toward wearing hearing protection. Results: Following the initial posttest, miners' attitudes and subjective norms were antecedents to intentions to wear hearing protection devices. Also, intentions toward wearing hearing protection predicted hearing protection behaviors. Approximately six weeks later, miners' attitudes and perceived behavioral control were each significant predictors of intentions to wear hearing protection and again, intentions were positively associated with hearing protection behaviors. Impact on Industry: Our results indicate that appeals to normative influences may be the most effective antecedent to employ when persuading coal miners to wear hearing protection. However, messages designed to impact attitudes and perceived behavioral control were also effective.
Keywords
Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Work-operations; Work-practices; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Mine-workers; Statistical-analysis; Safety-education; Safety-programs; Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Hearing-disorders; Hearing-loss; Hearing-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Protective-equipment; Protective-measures; Behavior; Sociological-factors
Contact
Brian L. Quick, Department of Communication, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Il 61801
CODEN
JSFRAV
Publication Date
20080601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
bquick@uiuc.edu
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0022-4375
NIOSH Division
PRL
Priority Area
Mining
Source Name
Journal of Safety Research
State
TX; IL; PA; MI; WV
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