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Asbestosis mortality surveillance in the United States, 1970 - 2004.

Authors
Bang-KM; Mazurek-JM; Syamlal-G; Wood-JM
Source
Int J Occup Environ Health 2008 Jul/Sep; 14(3):161-169
NIOSHTIC No.
20034236
Abstract
To describe the demographic, geographic, and occupational distribution of asbestosis mortality in the United States during 1970-2004, we identified a total of 25,413 asbestosis deaths. We calculated national, state, and county death rates, age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. We also calculated industry- and occupation-specific proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs), adjusted for age, sex, and race, and corresponding confidence intervals (CIs) using available data. The overall U.S. age-adjusted asbestosis death rate was 4.1 per million population per year; the rate for males (10.4) was nearly 35-fold higher than that for females (0.3). It increased significantly from 0.6 to 6.9 per million population from 1970 to 2000 (p < 0.001), and then declined to 6.3 in 2004 (p=0.014). High asbestosis death rates occurred predominantly, though not exclusively, in coastal areas. Industries with highest PMRs included ship and boat building and repairing (18.5; 95% CI 16.3-20.9) and miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral and stone products (15.9; 95% CI 13.0-19.5). Occupations with highest PMRs included insulation workers (109.2; 95% CI 93.8-127.2) and boilermakers (21.3; 95% CI 17.0-26.6).
Keywords
Respiratory-system-disorders; Asbestosis; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Demographic-characteristics; Occupations; Lung-disease; Lung-fibrosis; Shipbuilding-industry; Boat-manufacturing-industry; Nonmetallic-minerals; Insulation-workers; Boiler-furnaces; Age-groups; Surveillance
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Mail Stop H-G900.2, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
IOEHFU
CAS No.
1332-21-4; 12001-29-5; 12172-73-5; 12001-28-4; 61029-21-8; 14567-73-8; 77536-66-4
Publication Date
20080701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kmb2@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1077-3525
NIOSH Division
DRDS
SIC Code
360; 262; 502; 192; 211; 200; 462; 282; 180; 272; 990; 593; 643; 646; 585
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
State
WV
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