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Advances in grid-based numerical modeling techniques for improving gas management in coal mines.

Authors
Karacan-CÍ; Balusu-R; Ren-TX
Source
Proceedings of the 12th U.S./North American Mine Ventilation Symposium, Reno, Nevada, June 9-11, 2008. Wallace KG Jr., ed., Reno, NV: University of Nevada - Reno, 2008 Jun; :313-320
NIOSHTIC No.
20034158
Abstract
Effective gas management in coal mines, as well as proper ventilation design, is very important for maintaining the safety of underground coal miners. Advances in numerical modeling techniques have enabled evaluations of the coal mining environment using advanced grid designs and computed gas distributions through detailed mathematical models. These models help engineers to "see" the "unseen" areas of the mine through visualization of the data and ultimately help improve worker safety. This paper summarizes the modeling efforts conducted by NIOSH in the U.S. and CSIRO in Australia to address various gas management issues encountered in longwall mines. The modeling studies involved two of the most widely used grid-based techniques, namely computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and numerical reservoir modeling. This paper discusses the application of these techniques for gob inertization and gas control for spontaneous combustion, pre-mining degasification of coalbeds, gob gas venthole design and performance evaluation in longwalls, and gas management during development mining. PowerPoint and MP3 files are available.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Methane-control; Accident-prevention; Ventilation-systems; Gas-indicators; Longwall-mining; Air-contamination; Air-quality-measurement; Air-quality-monitoring
CAS No.
74-82-8
Publication Date
20080609
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Wallace-KG Jr.
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780615200095
NIOSH Division
PRL
Priority Area
Mining
Source Name
Proceedings of the 12th U.S./North American Mine Ventilation Symposium, Reno, Nevada, June 9-11, 2008
State
PA; NV
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