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Silicosis mortality among young adults in the United States, 1968-2004.

Authors
Mazurek-JM; Attfield-MD
Source
Am J Ind Med 2008 Aug; 51(8):568-578
NIOSHTIC No.
20034147
Abstract
BACKGROUND: To describe silicosis deaths in young (aged 15-44) adults in the U.S. during 1968-2004. METHODS: We analyzed the National Center for Health Statistics multiple cause-of-death records. RESULTS: Compared with silicosis decedents aged >or=45 years (n = 15,643), young decedents (n = 237) were more likely to have silicosis listed as the underlying cause of death (74.3% vs. 48.2%, P < 0.001), to be female (9.3% vs. 2.2%, P < 0.001) and black (37.1% vs. 11.7%, P < 0.001). Twenty-nine young silicosis decedents had industry and occupation information available. Occupations in construction and manufacturing industries were associated with significantly elevated proportionate mortality ratios for young silicosis deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Silicosis deaths occur among young adults. Because these deaths are likely to reflect more intense and recent exposures, the follow-back investigations into the work sites where these individuals were exposed to silica should be conducted.
Keywords
Quartz-dust; Silica-dusts; Silicosis; Pneumoconiosis; Lung-disease; Lung-fibrosis; Lung-irritants; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-disorders; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-respiratory-disease; Aerosol-particles; Airborne-particles; Dust-particles; Dust-exposure; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Risk-analysis; Age-factors; Age-groups; Statistical-analysis; Occupational-exposure; Surveillance; Author Keywords: occupational health; silicosis; surveillance; mortality; National Center for Health Statistics
Contact
Jacek M. Mazurek, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Surveillance Branch, 1095 Willowdale Rd., Mailstop HG 900.2, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
AJIMD8
CAS No.
14808-60-7
Publication Date
20080801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
acq8@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
WV
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