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Personal protective equipment use and safety behaviors among farm adolescents: gender differences and predictors of work practices.

Authors
Reed-DB; Browning-S; Westneat-S; Kidd-PS
Source
J Rural Health 2006 Sep; 22(4):314-320
NIOSHTIC No.
20034126
Abstract
Children on farms perform work that places them at risk for acute and chronic negative health outcomes. Despite strategies for preventing and reducing the risk of disease and injury, children's use of personal protective equipment and safely equipped farm machinery has generally remained unreported. Purpose: This paper reports the use of personal protective equipment, self-protective work behaviors, and selected risk exposures of children aged 14-19, who perform farm work. Methods: Survey results of adolescent high school students (n = 593) enrolled in agriculture class in Kentucky, Iowa, and Mississippi. Students were part of the sample that participated in the Agricultural Disability Awareness and Risk Education Project. Findings: Boys were at a significantly higher risk of exposure compared to girls, and boys engaged more frequently in risky behavior. Hearing and respiratory protection was used minimally and sporadically. Physical symptoms influenced use of hearing and respirator use, as did physician recommendation to use such protection. Of students who operated farm tractors, only half most frequently operated tractors with safety bars and seat belts. Sixty percent of the students reported using equipment with damaged or missing safety shields. Conclusions: In addition to the usual risks of farm work, adolescents may be at even greater risk by not using personal protective equipment or not having access to machinery that is properly equipped for maximum protection. Health care providers should incorporate advice to adolescents and their parents on risk reduction, particularly on the use of personal protective equipment.
Keywords
Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Farmers; Children; Safety-climate; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Safety-personnel; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Health-hazards; Health-programs; Health-protection; Exposure-limits; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Age-groups; Age-factors
Contact
D. B. Reed, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0232
Publication Date
20060901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dbreed01@uky.edu
Funding Type
Agriculture; Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-007550
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0890-765X
Source Name
The Journal of Rural Health
State
CA; KY; AZ; IA; MS
Performing Organization
University of California - Davis
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