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Prevalence of cigarette smoking by occupation in the U.S. population, 1988-1991.

Authors
Bang-KM; Kim-JH; Roberts-SS
Source
Am J Epidemiol 1997 Jun; 145(11)(Suppl):S61
NIOSHTIC No.
20034014
Abstract
The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988-1994, is a 6-year survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics. Included in NHANES III is data on the cigarette smoking status of U.S. noninstitutionalized civilians obtained through household interview surveys. NHANES III data consist of two data sets: Phase 1 (1988-1991) and Phase 2 (1992-1994). To estimate the prevalence of cigarette smoking across occupational groups and compute standard errors, we analyzed NHANES III-Phase I data with SUDAAN, a statistical software which incorporates sample weights. Based on the 9,477 sampled adults, 20 years of age and older, the overall prevalence of cigarette smoking was 30.9% (95% CI=28.6-33.1). Cigarette smoking prevalence was significantly higher (p<0.001) among blue-collar workers (44%, 95% CI=40.3-47.7) than white-collar workers (25.7%, 95% CI=22.9-28.5). Among occupational groups of which more than 30 employees were sampled, cigarette smoking was most prevalent among construction laborers (54.6%), where-as the lowest smoking prevalence was found among freight and material handlers (12.7%). These findings provide information useful for targeting educational activities focusing on adverse health effects of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation programs.
Keywords
Mortality-rates; Cigarette-smoking; Smoking; Preventive-medicine; Occupational-hazards; Industrial-hazards; Construction-workers; Construction-industry; Materials-handling
CODEN
AJEPAS
Publication Date
19970601
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0002-9262
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology
State
WV
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