Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Mortality patterns among the International Union of Bricklayers and Allied Craftsmen (IUBAC) 1986-1991.

Authors
Salg-J; Alterman-T
Source
Am J Epidemiol 1997 Jun; 145(11)(Suppl):S13
NIOSHTIC No.
20034011
Abstract
This national study evaluates the mortality of 10,400 members of the International Union of Bricklayers and Allied Craftsmen for the period 1986-1991. Age-, gender-, and race-specific proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) and proportionate cancer mortality ratios (PCMRs) were computed using the U.S. population for comparison. For deceased white males, significantly elevated mortality ratios (two sided Poisson, p=< .01) were observed for malignant neoplasm of the trachea, bronchus, and lung (PMR=1.37); emphysema (PMR=1.27); pneumoconiosis (PMR=1.17); and asbestosis (PMR=5.50). A similar pattern was observed for nonwhite males. Results support previous reports of an excess of respiratory cancer possibly due to cement dust, asbestos, and silica. Unlike for other construction trades, increased risk for deaths due to accidents and unintentional injuries (e.g. falls, motor vehicle accidents, electrocutions) were not observed. There were too few females for calculation of stable estimates (11=3). There are an estimated 188,823 brick masons and stone masons employed annually in the U.S. Data from the National Health Interview Survey (1987-1990) estimate smoking prevalence to be approximately 52% among these workers. Clearly smoking cessation programs and education regarding hazards are needed. Additional preventive action minimizing asbestos and other exposures is needed.
Keywords
Mortality-rates; Asbestos-dust; Asbestosis; Silica-dusts; Dust-exposure; Airborne-particles; Airborne-dusts; Particulate-dust; Stone-processing; Stonemasons
CODEN
AJEPAS
CAS No.
1332-21-4; 14808-60-7
Publication Date
19970601
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
1997
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0002-9262
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology
State
OH
TOP