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An integrated approach towards identifying age-related mechanisms of slip initiated falls.

Authors
Lockhart-TE
Source
J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2008 Apr; 18(2):205-217
NIOSHTIC No.
20033989
Abstract
The causes of slip and fall accidents, both in terms of extrinsic and intrinsic factors and their associations are not yet fully understood. Successful intervention solutions for reducing slip and fall accidents require a more complete understanding of the mechanisms involved. Before effective fall prevention strategies can be put into practice, it is central to examine the chain of events in an accident, comprising the exposure to hazards, initiation of events and the final outcome leading to injury and disability. These events can be effectively identified and analyzed by applying epidemiological, psychophysical, biomechanical and tribological research principles and methodologies. In this manuscript, various methods available to examine fall accidents and their underlying mechanisms are presented to provide a comprehensive array of information to help pinpoint the needs and requirements of new interventions aimed at reducing the risk of falls among the growing elderly population.
Keywords
Biomechanics; Laboratory-testing; Floors; Surface-properties; Humans; Statistical-analysis; Ergonomics; Age-factors; Age-groups; Walking-surfaces; Human-factors-engineering; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accident-potential; Accident-rates; Accident-statistics; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Biomechanics; Musculoskeletal-system
Contact
Locomotion Research Laboratory, Grado Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, School of Biomedical Engineering and Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA
CODEN
JEKIE3
Publication Date
20080401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
lockhart@vt.edu
Funding Amount
54000
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-007450
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1050-6411
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
Source Name
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
State
VA; WA
Performing Organization
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
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