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A case series of 71 patients referred to a hospital-based occupational and environmental medicine clinic for occupational asthma.

Authors
Wheeler-S; Rosenstock-L; Barnhart-S
Source
West J Med 1998 Feb; 168(2):98-104
NIOSHTIC No.
20033953
Abstract
In a ten-year period at the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program (OEMP) of the University of Washington in Seattle, 71 patients were determined by attending physicians to have work-related asthma, In this cross-sectional descriptive study, we describe these patients. Data were obtained from a database maintained by the OEMP and from chart reviews. We found that the three mast common specific agents causing asthma were isocyanates, red cedar, and crabs. At least one pulmonary function study was available for all patients and was positive in 56 patients (79%). Among the al asthma cases reported in this article, 18 (25%) were attributed to reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS); 19 (27%) to exacerbation elf pre-existing asthma; 27 (38%) to sensitization; and 7 (10%) had undetermined causes. We conclude that occupational asthma presents as a result of diverse exposures in multiple work settings and with an array of characteristics. Prevention efforts need to recognize this diversity.
Keywords
Epidemiology; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-environment; Work-performance; Work-practices; Allergens; Allergic-reactions; Allergies; Immune-system; Pulmonary-congestion; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Breathing
CODEN
WJMDA2
Publication Date
19980201
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0093-0415
NIOSH Division
OD
Source Name
Western Journal of Medicine
State
DC; WA
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